Watch Live Blood Moon 2014 Webcasts – HD Streaming Online

Blood Moon 2014

Blood Moon 2014 is set to begin just after 5am EDT on October 8, 2014. This will be the second Blood Moon 2014, after the first sightings ended earlier this year. In the US, this will be 4th Blood Moons over two years of time. Four Blood Moons in two years is not a chance that come around too often. If you have missed all 4 blood moons earlier, don’t miss it this time, as you can easily watch it LIVE HD streaming online.

Live Blood Moon 2014 – HD Streaming Online

Blood Moon 2014 Time for Worldwide Sightings

Blood Moon 2014 in GMT 9:00am

Blood Moon 2014 in New York, United States – 5:00am EDT

Blood Moon 2014 in Chicago, United States – 4:00am

Blood Moon 2014 in UK – 10:00am BST

Blood Moon 2014 in India – 02:30pm

Blood Moon 2014 in Bangladesh – 03:00pm

Blood Moon 2014 in Singapore – 05:00pm

Blood Moon 2014 in Malaysia – 05:00pm

Blood Moon 2014 in Sydney, Australia – 08:00pm EST

Blood Moon 2014 in Perth, Australia – 05:00pm WST

Blood Moon 2014 in Adelaide, Australia – 07:30pm





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Live Transit of Venus 2012 HD Streaming from Mauna Kea, Hawaii – NASA Edge – June 5-6

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Times in Your Country

Live Transit of Venus 2012 HD Streaming from Mauna Kea, Hawaii – NASA Edge – June 5-6

Live Transit of Venus 2012 (or Venus transit 2012) this coming Wednesday, June 6, 2012 (Tuesday, June 5 in some areas) can be seen on Earth and visible from the western Pacific Ocean, northwesternmost North America, northeastern Asia, Japan, the Philippines, eastern Australia, New Zealand, and high Arctic locations including northernmost Scandinavia, Iceland and Greenland.

As explained by NASA late last month, this Venus transit of 2012 will start at 6:04 p.m. Eastern Time on Tuesday, June 5 and will last for around 7 hours. Transits happen when a planet crosses between Earth and the sun. Only Mercury and Venus, which are closer to the sun than Earth, can undergo this unusual alignment.


In North America, the Caribbean, and northwestern South America, the beginning of the Venus transit will be visible on 5 June until sunset. It continues from sunrise on 6 June where the end of the transit will be visible from South Asia, the Middle East, east Africa and most of Europe. It will not be visible from most of South America or western Africa.

Based on the NASA global map of Transit of Venus 2012 shown below, the entire transit of Venus will be visible from Hawaii, Alaska, New Zealand, Japan, the Philippines, most of Australia, and parts of eastern Asia. Countries in the Western Hemisphere will see the transit on Tuesday, June 5, 2012, while those in the Eastern Hemisphere will see it on Wednesday, June 6, 2012.

Viewers in North America will see Venus start to cross the sun in the late afternoon on Tuesday, but the sun will set with the planet still in transit. Observers in Europe, Africa, and western Australia, meanwhile, will see the sun rise Wednesday morning with Venus already on its face.

The Venue transit is a very rare astronomical phenomenon as it happen in pairs eight years apart. The previous transit happened in June 2004 pairing with this year’s transit. The last pair happened on December 9, 1874 and December 6, 1882, while the next pair is scheduled to happen on December 11, 2117 and on December 8, 2125.


“People watching this event through some form of safe solar viewer will see the small, dark silhouette of Venus crossing the sun’s face over the course of about six hours. Venus’s diameter will appear only about a 30th the diameter of the sun, so it will be … like a pea in front of a watermelon,” said Jay Pasachoff, an astronomer at Williams College in Massachusetts.

“The effect won’t be visually impressive, but that black dot against the sun is a remarkable thing to see,” he added.

A simulation of the transit of Venus 2012 can be seen here where the first contact with the sun happening on 6:04 pm ET, Venus to be fully inside at 6:21 pm ET, greatest at 9:26 pm ET, Venus leaving the Sun the next day at 12:34 pm ET, and last contact with the Sun at 12:51 pm ET.


NASA is strongly advising the public not to stare directly at the sun while watching this rare phenomenon since it may harm one’s eyes or can cause blindness. Just like viewing the solar eclipse last May 20, 2012, it is advisable to use a #14 welder’s glass, a special “eclipse glasses” or telescopes equipped with solar filters.

Likewise, astronomer Mark Thompson wrote on Discovery News last week that one can also project an image of it through binoculars or a telescope onto a white card.


NASA Langley is sending a team to the 14,000-foot summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii — site of the world’s largest astronomical observatory. A live stream webcast of the Venus Transit 2012 is available at NASA’s site where the coverage starts at 5:45 pm EDT (11:45 a.m. local time in Hawaii). The webcast will be presented by NASA’s NASA Edge program and serves as the agency’s primary Sun-Earth Day webcast.

The University of Arizona’s Mt. Lemmon SkyCenter in Tucson, Ariz., is expecting a sold out crowd during its special Transit of Venus reception on Tuesday, June 5, 2012, which begins at 2 p.m. MST (4 p.m. EDT, 2000 GMT).

The online Slooh Space Camera will offer a complete view of the transit of Venus 2012 from several different observatories around the world, including telescopes in Australia, japan, New Zealand, Hawaii, Norway, Arizona and New Mexico. The webcast will begin at 3 p.m. PDT (6 p.m. EDT, 2200 GMT).

The Coca-Cola Space Science Center  at Columbus State University in Columbus, Ga., will offer a comprehensive webcast of the Venus transit here from observation points on June 5, 2012 where viewers will be able to see images from Alice Springs, Australia, Mongolia’s Gobi Desert and U.S. transit views from Bryce Canyon in Utah and Columbus, Ga.

Israel’s Bareket Observatory will offer live Venus transit images in a webcast here on June 6, 2012, between 5:33 a.m. and 7:56 a.m. Israel local time, which corresponds to 10:33 p.m. EDT June 5 and 12:65 a.m. EDT June 6 (0233 to 0456 GMT).

The Sky Watchers Association of North Bengal (SWAN) in India is also having a live stream telecast which will start at 4 am IST (Indian Time) here.

Live Transit of Venus 2012 – Watch it live – June 6, 2012

The transit or passage of a planet across the face of the Sun is a relatively rare occurrence. Tomorrow (June 6, 2012), you will get an opportunity to view this rare event from the early hours to around 10.20 a.m.

Of all the planets the transits of Mercury and Venus only are possible to be seen from Earth. So watching this occurrence is fascinating. So far only seven such occurrences have been recorded in the years 1631, 1639, 1761, 1769, 1874, 1882, 2004. The next one after tomorrow’s event will happen only in 2117.

On June 6, 2012, the last lap of the transit of Venus is visible in India. Fortunately, the Sun rising early due to summer, people in Chennai will be able to watch this rare astronomical event from 5.43 a.m. onwards. Of course, the sky should be clear.

Since Venus walks across the Sun and as we know, we should never watch the Sun with naked eyes, it is advisable to view this grand event with professional sky-watchers and with safe equipments.

Live transit of Venus 2012 will begin to be visible in the Western Hemisphere on Tuesday evening, and will be visible for people in the Eastern Hemisphere on Wednesday at sunrise.

At 6:04 p.m. EDT on Tuesday, the planet Venus will begin to cross paths between the sun and the Earth.

By 6:22 p.m., our sister planet will appear as a black dot moving across the face of the Sun for six hours. The further west you live in the states, the longer you’ll be able to view the transit.

As long as clouds don’t ruin the view, most of the world will be able to watch the celestial event. The entire transit will be visible for people in the Western Pacific Ocean, northwest North America, northeastern Asia, the Philippines, Oceania, and high Arctic locations such as Scandinavia, Iceland, and Greenland. But the transit will never be visible for those in east South America, West Africa, Portugal, and Spain.

Transits of Venus occur in a pattern that repeats every 243 years, in which a pair of two transits is separated by eight years and each pair itself is separated from others by alternating periods of 121.5 years and 105.5 years. Although we last saw one in 2004, this year’s transit will be the last transit of the century. The next one will be in 2117, so it’s your last chance to watch our sister planet dance across the largest stage in our Solar System.

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Live Transit of Venus 2012 Free Streaming Webcasts, Websites & TV Channels

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Webcasts, Websites, TV Channels List

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Free Streaming Webcasts, Websites & TV Channels

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Webcasts, Websites, TV Channels List

Much of the world will be able to witness a rare skywatching event on June 5, as Venus crosses the face of the sun in a spectacle that will not be visible again for more than a century. But for anyone who is not able to see the so-called transit of Venus in person, there are other ways to catch the historic event online.

While observers in many parts of the world — including North America, Europe, Asia and eastern Africa — will be well-placed to see at least part of the transit in person, several organizations are planning to broadcast live streaming views using footage from various observatories and telescopes around the globe.

Here are a few of the web links for June 5-6 Transit of Venus 2012 offering Live Streaming webcasts over a laptop/computer screen or smartphone:

LIVE Streaming Transit of Venus 2012:

      1. Live Transit of Venus on We,, will broadcast Live Transit of Venus 2012 for our viewers around the world to witness this historic event that will not be visible again for more than a century. Viewers who decide to tune into our LIVE webcast will be able to watch the entire transit unfold, as Venus appears to touch the outer edge of the sun, then travels onto the face, before crossing the inside edge and continuing along its orbit. Live stream feed will start in June 5 at 22:50 GMT / 17:50 EDT/ 03:20 IST.
      2. NASA EDGE @ Mauna Kea, Hawaii Live Webcast: NASA will be hosting a Sun-Earth Day webcast on June 5 that will last the entire length of the Venus transit. The footage will stream live from the summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii, with accompanying commentary from various experts. Times are subject to change, but the webcast is currently scheduled to begin at 5:45 p.m. EDT (2145 GMT). This is the Official Sun-Earth Day Webcast for the Transit of Venus. Don’t miss the NASA EDGE team and the Sun-Earth Day team as they bring you this last of a lifetime event live from the top of Mount Mauna Kea, Hawaii, through our partnership with the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy.
      3. Slooh Space Camera: The Slooh website has organized a series of Live Webcasts from Japan, California, Arizona and New Mexico, UK, Australia & Hawaii accompanied by commentary from Astronomy Magazine columnist Bob Berman and Patrik Paolucci. So, don’t miss the last transit of Venus in our lifetime – catch it live on Slooh from multiple feeds worldwide at 5:50 pm EDT – FREE to the public. Patrick Paolucci and Bob Berman will helm the 8 hour broadcast alongside many guests, including scientists, filmmakers, researchers, and astronomers.
      4. Much Hoole, Horrocks Live Webcast: Audio Visual Installation linking the 2012 observations with the observation in 1639 by Horrocks. Live Projection of NASA feed in St. Michael’s Church, Much Hoole. Performance of Clarinet and Saxophone duet between 1st and 2nd contact and 3rd and 4th contact sent back to NASA.
      5. Fairbanks Alaska Live Webcast: Join the Fairbanks Astronomical Unit, the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and the National Institute of Aerospace as they celebrate the Transit of Venus in Fairbanks, Alaska. The team will be watching the transit from SDO along with several grounds based telescopes, as well as doing lots of activities. The sun is up for 21 hours in Fairbanks on June 5th so the view of the transit will be great.
      6. Mount Wilson Observatory Live Webcast: Astronomers Without Borders will produce a live webcast of the Venus transit from historic Mount Wilson Observatory, including vintage telescopes, interviews with scientists, historians, and transit experts.
      7. NASA TV Live Webcast: NASA Television (NTV) will provide real-time coverage of Transit of Venus 2012 activities and missions as well as providing resource video to the news.
      8. Glenn Research Center Live Webcast: Watch Transit of Venus live webcasts with interviews and talks given by researchers at Glenn about technologies being developed there for future robotic missions to Venus.
      9. Norway Live Webcast: Cameras from various Norwegian locations, including Spitsbergen will show the entire transit. In addition: Live demonstration of parallax effect, school activities, measurements of the AU.
      10. European Space Agency Live Image Stream: Engineers from The European Space Astronomy Centre linked to Venus Express satellite are taking visible and H-alpha telescope images to twin locations: Svalbard in the Arctic, and near Canberra in Australia.
      11. IAO, Hanle, Ladakh Live Webcast: Placed at 14,800ft above sea level, the Indian Astronomical Observatory is the world’s highest station webcasting the Transit of Venus. Interact with the Team at Hanle via twitter on @aaadelhi Via IIA, VP, AAAD.
      12. Coca Cola Space Science Center Live Webcast: Columbus State University’s Coca-Cola Space Science Center will be hosted by Centralian Middle School in Alice Springs, Australia. The CCSSC team will be educating local students and uploading live images of the Transit in two wavelengths (90mm Hydrogen-alpha & 60mm Calcium K-line).
      13. San Francisco’s Exploratorium Live Webcast: Begins on June 5 at 22:00 UT. The webcast will have a telescope feed plus audio commentary every 30 minutes.The duration of the program will be about six-and-a-half hours, beginning at 22:00 UT (noon in Hawaii) on June 5. First contact is at nine minutes past the hour.During the webcast, you can also listen to a sound composition being created from the video of the transit in real time.
      14. BBC Two: Horizon: The Transit of Venus will broadcast on Tuesday 5 June at 2100 BST on BBC Two in the UK and afterwards on the BBC IPlayer.


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Live Transit of Venus 2012 Time in Your Country on June 5-6

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Times in Your Country

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Time in Your Country on June 5-6

Live Transit of Venus 2012 Times in Your Country

On June 5-6, 2012, Venus will pass in front of the Sun. The transit of Venus 2012 will be the last chance to view this phenomenon for over 100 years.

Transit of Venus 2012 explained

During the transit, Venus passes between Sun and Earth. The planet becomes visible from Earth as a small dot against the Sun’s disk. Although Venus is almost four times larger than the moon, it blocks a much smaller portion of the Sun’s face than the moon does during a solar eclipse. This is because it is much further away from Earth.

Venus is the second planet from the Sun, Earth is the third. On a clear night Venus can also be seen as a bright “star” in the sky, especially shortly after sunset or before sunrise. This is why it is also referred to as “evening star” or “morning star”.

Transit of Venus 2012 – Timeline

It takes Venus 6 hours and 40 minutes to travel across the Sun’s disk. Seen from the Earth’s center (geocentric coordinates) the transit begins at 22:09:29 and ends at 04:49:27 Universal Time (UT).

Depending on the observer’s actual geographic location, times will differ by up to several minutes (see table below).

Note: Times are stated in Universal Time – a time standard based on the Earth’s rotation. Click on the links to see corresponding local times worldwide.

  • June 5, 22:09:29 UT: the planet’s first contact with the outer rim of the Sun’s disk.
  • June 5, 22:27:26 UT: Venus becomes fully visible in front of the Sun.
  • June 6, 01:29:28 UT: moment of “greatest transit” (the closest Venus appears to the center of the Sun’s disk).
  • June 6, 04:31:30 UT: Venus reaches the opposite side of the Sun’s rim
  • June 6, 04:49:27 UT: the planet completes its transit across the Sun’s disk.

Transit of Venus 2012 – Local Time in your Country or, City

Location Beginning of Transit of Venus 2012
or sunrise
End of transit of Venus 2012
or sunset
Honolulu, Hawaii
12:10 (12:10 p.m.), June 5 18:44 (6:44 p.m.), June 5
Los Angeles, USA
15:06 (3:06 p.m.), June 5 20:02 (8:02 p.m.), June 5 (sunset)
New York, USA
18:03 (6:03 p.m.), June 5 20:24 (8:24 p.m.), June 5 (sunset)
London, UK
04:45 (4:45 a.m.), June 6 (sunrise) 05:54 (5:54 a.m.), June 6
Paris, France
05:49 (5:49 a.m.), June 6 (sunrise) 06:55 (6:55 a.m.), June 6
Delhi, India
05:23 (5:23 a.m.), June 6 (sunrise) 10:22 (10:22 a.m.), June 6
Tokyo, Japan
07:10 (7:10 a.m.), June 6 13:47 (1:47 p.m.), June 6
Sydney, Australia
08:16 (8:16 a.m.), June 6 14:44 (2:44 p.m.), June 6
Auckland, New Zealand
10:15 (10:15 a.m.), June 6 16:43 (4:43 p.m.), June 6

Can I see the Transit of Venus 2012?

The whole transit of Venus will be visible in the following locations:

  • Northwestern North America (e.g. Alaska and north-western Canada)
  • Hawaii
  • Eastern Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Northern and eastern Asia (e.g. Japan, eastern China, Sibiria, Mongolia)
  • Parts of Southeast Asia (e.g. Philippines, eastern Indonesia)
  • Western Pacific

The transit of Venus will still be in progress at sunset on June 5 in:

  • Mainland U.S.A.
  • Most of Canada
  • Mexico
  • Central America
  • Northwestern South America
  • Eastern Pacific

The transit of Venus will already be in progress at sunrise on June 6 in:

  • Europe (except Portugal and western Spain)
  • Western Australia
  • Western and southern Asia (e.g. India, Thailand, Iran, Turkey)
  • Eastern Africa (e.g. Egypt, Kenia, Madagascar)
  • Indian Ocean

Transit of Venus Dates History – How often does this happen?

The alignment Earth – Venus – Sun has only occurred 7 times since the invention of the telescope: in 1631, 1639, 1761, 1769, 1874, 1882, and 2004.

The phenomenon can be experienced in recurring intervalls of 8 years, 121.5 years, 8 years, and 105.5 years. The last occurrence was 8 years ago, the next one will be in 105.5 years – on December 11, 2117.

The following chart shows the dates of several Venus Transit pairs and the Venus Transit Cycle.

The times in red reveal the primary cycle. The times in blue reveal the dual sub-cycle occurring between pairs. The times in yellow reveal the duration between the last transit of one pair and the first transit of the second pair.

Transit of Venus Dates History

Transit of Venus 2012 – Watch Live with eye protection

Like observing solar eclipses, viewing the Venus pass before the Sun requires proper eye protection. The sun’s photosphere emits intense infrared and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Just as UV radiation causes sunburn to skin, it can also damage the retinas in the eyes – but it does so at a much faster rate. The human eye can suffer permanent damage if it is exposed to direct sunlight for a few seconds.

The easiest and cheapest option to protect your eyes while watching the transit of Venus is to buy solar shades, which normally cost around 1 USD.

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Live Solar Eclipse 2012 Time in Your Country – May 20-21

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 - Free Streaming Online TV

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 Time in Your Country – May 20-21

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 - Free Streaming Online TV

 Solar Eclipse 2012 Timing – All Country

Afghanistan – Kabul Mon 1:26 AM
Algeria – Algiers Sun 9:56 PM
Argentina – Buenos Aires Sun 5:56 PM
Australia – Australian Capital Territory – Canberra Mon 6:56 AM
Australia – New South Wales – Sydney Mon 6:56 AM
Australia – Northern Territory – Darwin Mon 6:26 AM
Australia – Queensland – Brisbane Mon 6:56 AM
Australia – South Australia – Adelaide Mon 6:26 AM
Australia – Victoria – Melbourne Mon 6:56 AM
Australia – Western Australia – Perth Mon 4:56 AM
Austria – Vienna – Vienna * Sun 10:56 PM
Bahamas – Nassau * Sun 4:56 PM
Bangladesh – Dhaka Mon 2:56 AM
Belarus – Minsk Sun 11:56 PM
Belgium – Brussels * Sun 10:56 PM
Bolivia – La Paz Sun 4:56 PM
Brazil – Distrito Federal – Brasilia Sun 5:56 PM
Brazil – Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro Sun 5:56 PM
Brazil – São Paulo – Sao Paulo Sun 5:56 PM
Bulgaria – Sofia * Sun 11:56 PM
Canada – Alberta – Calgary * Sun 2:56 PM
Canada – Alberta – Edmonton * Sun 2:56 PM
Canada – British Columbia – Vancouver * Sun 1:56 PM
Canada – Manitoba – Winnipeg * Sun 3:56 PM
Canada – Newfoundland and Labrador – St. John’s * Sun 6:26 PM
Canada – Nova Scotia – Halifax * Sun 5:56 PM
Canada – Ontario – Ottawa * Sun 4:56 PM
Canada – Ontario – Toronto * Sun 4:56 PM
Canada – Quebec – Montreal * Sun 4:56 PM
Chile – Santiago Sun 4:56 PM
China – Beijing Mon 4:56 AM
China – Shanghai Mon 4:56 AM
Colombia – Bogota Sun 3:56 PM
Congo Dem.Rep. – Kinshasa Sun 9:56 PM
Croatia – Zagreb * Sun 10:56 PM
Cuba – Havana * Sun 4:56 PM
Czech Republic – Prague * Sun 10:56 PM
Denmark – Copenhagen * Sun 10:56 PM
Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo Sun 4:56 PM
Egypt – Cairo Sun 10:56 PM
El Salvador – San Salvador Sun 2:56 PM
Estonia – Tallinn * Sun 11:56 PM
Ethiopia – Addis Ababa Sun 11:56 PM
Fiji – Suva Mon 8:56 AM
Finland – Helsinki * Sun 11:56 PM
France – Paris * Sun 10:56 PM
Germany – Berlin – Berlin * Sun 10:56 PM
Germany – Hesse – Frankfurt * Sun 10:56 PM
Ghana – Accra Sun 8:56 PM
Greece – Athens * Sun 11:56 PM
Guatemala – Guatemala Sun 2:56 PM
Honduras – Tegucigalpa Sun 2:56 PM
Hong Kong – Hong Kong Mon 4:56 AM
Hungary – Budapest * Sun 10:56 PM
Iceland – Reykjavik Sun 8:56 PM
India – Delhi – New Delhi Mon 2:26 AM
India – Karnataka – Bangalore Mon 2:26 AM
India – Maharashtra – Mumbai Mon 2:26 AM
India – West Bengal – Kolkata Mon 2:26 AM
Indonesia – Jakarta Special Capital Region – Jakarta Mon 3:56 AM
Iran – Tehran * Mon 1:26 AM
Iraq – Baghdad Sun 11:56 PM
Ireland – Dublin * Sun 9:56 PM
Israel – Jerusalem * Sun 11:56 PM
Italy – Rome * Sun 10:56 PM
Jamaica – Kingston Sun 3:56 PM
Japan – Tokyo Mon 5:56 AM
Jordan – Amman * Sun 11:56 PM
Kazakhstan – Almaty Mon 2:56 AM
Kenya – Nairobi Sun 11:56 PM
Kiribati – Christmas Island – Kiritimati Mon 10:56 AM
Kuwait – Kuwait City Sun 11:56 PM
Lebanon – Beirut * Sun 11:56 PM
Madagascar – Antananarivo Sun 11:56 PM
Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur Mon 4:56 AM
Mexico – Federal District – Mexico City * Sun 3:56 PM
Morocco – Casablanca * Sun 9:56 PM
Myanmar – Yangon Mon 3:26 AM
Nepal – Kathmandu Mon 2:41 AM
Netherlands – Amsterdam * Sun 10:56 PM
New Zealand – Auckland Mon 8:56 AM
Nicaragua – Managua Sun 2:56 PM
Nigeria – Lagos Sun 9:56 PM
Norway – Oslo * Sun 10:56 PM
Pakistan – Islamabad Mon 1:56 AM
Pakistan – Karachi Mon 1:56 AM
Pakistan – Lahore Mon 1:56 AM
Paraguay – Asuncion Sun 4:56 PM
Peru – Lima – Lima Sun 3:56 PM
Philippines – Manila Mon 4:56 AM
Poland – Warsaw * Sun 10:56 PM
Portugal – Lisbon * Sun 9:56 PM
Puerto Rico – San Juan Sun 4:56 PM
Qatar – Doha Sun 11:56 PM
Romania – Bucharest * Sun 11:56 PM
Russia – Anadyr Mon 8:56 AM
Russia – Moscow Mon 12:56 AM
Saudi Arabia – Riyadh Sun 11:56 PM
Serbia – Belgrade * Sun 10:56 PM
Singapore – Singapore Mon 4:56 AM
South Africa – Cape Town Sun 10:56 PM
South Africa – Johannesburg Sun 10:56 PM
South Korea – Seoul Mon 5:56 AM
Spain – Barcelona – Barcelona * Sun 10:56 PM
Spain – Madrid * Sun 10:56 PM
Sudan – Khartoum Sun 11:56 PM
Sweden – Stockholm * Sun 10:56 PM
Switzerland – Zurich – Zürich * Sun 10:56 PM
Taiwan – Taipei Mon 4:56 AM
Tanzania – Dar es Salaam Sun 11:56 PM
Thailand – Bangkok Mon 3:56 AM
Turkey – Ankara * Sun 11:56 PM
Turkey – Istanbul * Sun 11:56 PM
U.S.A. – Alaska – Anchorage * Sun 12:56 PM
U.S.A. – Arizona – Phoenix Sun 1:56 PM
U.S.A. – California – Los Angeles * Sun 1:56 PM
U.S.A. – California – San Francisco * Sun 1:56 PM
U.S.A. – Colorado – Denver * Sun 2:56 PM
U.S.A. – District of Columbia – Washington DC * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Florida – Miami * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Georgia – Atlanta * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Hawaii – Honolulu Sun 10:56 AM
U.S.A. – Illinois – Chicago * Sun 3:56 PM
U.S.A. – Indiana – Indianapolis * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Louisiana – New Orleans * Sun 3:56 PM
U.S.A. – Massachusetts – Boston * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Michigan – Detroit * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Minnesota – Minneapolis * Sun 3:56 PM
U.S.A. – Nevada – Las Vegas * Sun 1:56 PM
U.S.A. – New York – New York * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Ohio – Columbus * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Pennsylvania – Philadelphia * Sun 4:56 PM
U.S.A. – Texas – Dallas * Sun 3:56 PM
U.S.A. – Texas – Houston * Sun 3:56 PM
U.S.A. – Utah – Salt Lake City * Sun 2:56 PM
U.S.A. – Washington – Seattle * Sun 1:56 PM
Ukraine – Kyiv * Sun 11:56 PM
United Arab Emirates – Dubai – Dubai Mon 12:56 AM
United Kingdom – England – London * Sun 9:56 PM
Uruguay – Montevideo Sun 5:56 PM
Uzbekistan – Tashkent Mon 1:56 AM
Venezuela – Caracas Sun 4:26 PM
Vietnam – Hanoi Mon 3:56 AM
Zimbabwe – Harare Sun 10:56 PM
* means the time shown has been adjusted for daylight saving time(DST) or summer time (67 places listed).
Sun means Sunday, May 20, 2012 (105 places listed).
Mon means Monday, May 21, 2012 (39 places listed).

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Live Solar Eclipse 2012 Free Streaming Web Links, Webcasts & TV Channels

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 - Free Streaming Online TV

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 Free Streaming Web Links & Webcasts TV Channels

Watching the Solar Eclipse 2012 Live via a webcast isn’t a sure thing. The skies might be clouded over at the camera location. There could be technical difficulties. And even if everything works, the webcast could freeze up if the video server becomes overwhelmed with traffic.

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 - Free Streaming Online TV

Here are a few of the web links for Sunday May 20 Solar eclipse Live Streaming webcasts over a laptop/computer screen or smartphone:

  1. Slooh Space Camera: The Slooh website has organized a series of Live Webcasts from Japan, California, Arizona and New Mexico, accompanied by commentary from Astronomy Magazine columnist Bob Berman and Lucie Green, a BBC commentator and solar researcher at University College London’s Mullard Space Science Laboratory. The show gets started at 5:30 p.m. ET Sunday, when the eclipse will be just getting good in Japan. Prime time for the webcasts from the American West will kick in around 8 p.m. ET. 
  2. Eclipse Live from Fujiyama: Panasonic set a solar-powered Live Webcast from high atop Japan’s Mount Fuji, which is inside the track of annularity. The team will charge up batteries from an array of electricity-generating solar cells at a base camp, then carry the batteries up to the camera site. Video coverage via Ustream is due to start up at 5 p.m. ET. 
  3. Hong Kong Observatory: The webcast from Hong Kong is due to begin at 5:41 p.m. ET.
  4. Live-Eclipse: Japanese eclipse-chasers plan to be webcasting via Ustream at 6 p.m. ET. 
  5. More from YokosoNews: This page from the Japanese news site lists lots of webcasts, generally beginning at 5 p.m. ET or later.
  6. More from Ustream: Do a search on “eclipse” and you’ll find all sorts of Ustream goodies, from 5 p.m. ET onward. One user is promising a video stream from the northern tip of Taiwan starting at 4:50 p.m. ET.
  7. AstroBob’s viewing guide: Duluth photographer Bob King provides a vivid guide to the phases of an annular eclipse and also links to as a potential source of webcasts.
  8. University of North Dakota: UND’s SEMS (Sun Earth Moon Systems) team is organizing an eclipse webcast from Shasta College in Redding, Calif. The streaming is due to begin at 8 p.m. ET, and there’s a chat window that lets you compare notes with other eclipse fans. The UND team has been doing eclipse webcasts since 2004, so they’ve built up a loyal following over the years. 
  9. Scotty’s Sky: Skywatcher Scotty Degenhardt is promising an unconventional webcast of the annular eclipse via his iPhone from Area 51’s “Black Mailbox,” a popular gathering place for UFO fans in the Nevada desert. The show is set to start at 8:10 p.m. ET. 
  10. Exploratorium in Second Life: Speaking of “unconventional” … San Francisco’s Exploratorium science center is planning to provide information about the eclipse in the Second Life virtual world. If you’re a Second Life resident, set a course for Exploratorium Island.

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Live Solar Eclipse 2012 – Free Online HD Video Streaming from the top of Mount Fuji, Honshu, Japan – May 20

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 - Free Streaming Online TV

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 – Online HD Video Streaming from the top of Mount Fuji, Fujiyama, Honshu, Japan – May 20

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 - Free Streaming Online TV

On May 21, 2012, an annular solar eclipse begins over southeast China and passes over Japan. When the eclipse crosses the International Date Line, the local date becomes May 20. The eclipse then enters the California/Oregon border, passes in the late afternoon over Nevada, Utah, Arizona, a corner of Colorado, New Mexico, and ends at sunset in Texas.

An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon’s apparent disk is just smaller than the Sun’s disk and the Sun appears as a brilliant ring. This spectacular sight can only be safely observed with approved solar filters or by projecting an image of the eclipsed Sun onto a flat white surface.

The eclipse will occur in the afternoon and early evening on Sunday (May 20). At its peak, the moon will block roughly 94 percent of the sun’s light. The so-called annular solar eclipse will not completely cover the sun, but will produce a spectacular “ring of fire” in the sky for well-placed observers. (“Annulus” is the Latin word for “little ring.”)

Live Solar Eclipse 2012 – Online Streaming TV Channel – May 20

Japan will have its first annular solar eclipse in 25 years. This project will broadcast live this moment of the century from the top of Mt. Fuji at 3,776 meter-high, a symbol of Japan and the closest spot to the sun in the country. All equipment used for this live broadcast will be powered completely by solar energy. A climbing expedition will scale the mountain, shouldering high-capacity rechargeable batteries. The annular solar eclipse will be filmed and broadcast LIVE Stream to the world using power from the sun. An epic project that joins the forces of the sun and humankind.

Solar Eclipse 2012 Timing around the World

Solar Eclipse 2012 in Asia: The moon’s shadow races eastward across Earth’s surface at more than 2,000 mph, starting in China’s southern Guangxi Province. Theoretically, the “Ring of Fire” could be visible just after 6 p.m. ET over Asian urban centers such as Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, Osaka and Tokyo. But for many of those cities, the weather outlook isn’t that great: Cloudy skies or even thundershowers are in the forecast.

Solar Eclipse 2012 in America: The partial eclipse begins over the U.S. West Coast and Canada around 8 p.m. ET, and even earlier in Alaska. Skywatchers in portions of Oregon, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas can witness the “Ring of Fire” effect at its peak after 9 p.m. ET. As you go farther east, sunset becomes the limiting factor. The U.S. East Coast, for example, will miss out on all phases of the eclipse. Consult NASA’s clickable map to find out what will be visible from your locale. The times are listed as UTC, so subtract five hours for Central Daylight Time, six hours for Mountain Time, and seven hours for Pacific Time. Don’t forget to check the weather, too.

Solar Eclipse 2012 Timing & Path

Timing of Solar Eclipse 2012 - May 20


The moon’s shadow moves quickly — about 1,200 mph. Some times when the moon’s disc will be most centered over the sun’s are as follows:

Eureka, Calif.: 6:28 p.m. PDT
Reno, Nev.: 6:31 p.m. PDT
Grand Canyon, Ariz.: 6:35 p.m. MST
Albuquerque: 7:36 p.m. MDT (note time zone change)
Lubbock: 8:36 p.m. CDT (another time zone change)

Solar Eclipse 2012 Live TV Channels Worldwide

Country Live TV Channel Free Live Streaming Online
USA Discovery
Japan  Panasonic


Solar Eclipse 2012 Live Webcast

Live Webcast Link

If you are not interest to watch it on Live Web cast, you still have 5 more ways to experience the Solar Eclipse 2012 on May 20-21.

To observe the May 20th Solar Eclipse 2012 directly you must protect your eyes at all times with proper solar filters. However, do not let the requisite warnings scare you away from witnessing this rare spectacle. You can experience the Solar Eclipse 2012 safely, provided you use proper eye protection.

1. Direct viewing

The use of eclipse shades will permit a large number of people who do not have specialized equipment to observe this event. However, as the planet approaches the limb of the sun, subtleties like the ‘black drop’ effect will not be discernible. At one minute of arc in size, Venus is near the visual limit of most people’s eyes. It’s tiny compared to the sun, which is about 32 arcminutes in diameter.

Protect Your Eyes With Solar Eclipse Viewing Glasses and Filters for May 20 Annular Solar Eclipse

Yes! Eclipse Shades or Solar Shades appear similar to sunglasses, but they have a special filter that permits safe viewing if the filter is in new condition. Eclipse/solar shades are available through Astronomers Without Borders. Before looking at the sun, inspect the material to make sure the lenses are not scratched or compromised in any way. If so, discard the shades.

No! Do not be lulled into thinking that you can look safely at the sun while wearing sunglasses, for sunglasses do not protect your eyes sufficiently. So don’t try it! Do not try to view the sun directly with the naked eye or through any questionable medium. These children, depicted on the April 28, 1883, cover of Harper’s Weekly, are at risk of serious eye injury. They are using smoked glass, which is not sufficient.

2. Pinhole projectors

Pinhole Projectors for Annular Solar Eclipse 2012 - May 20-21

Pinhole projectors are a safe, indirect viewing technique for observing an image of the sun. While popular for viewing solar eclipses, pinhole projectors suffer from the same shortcomings as unmagnified views when Venus approaches the edges of the sun. Small features like the ‘black drop’ effect will not be discernible. 

3. Projecting a magnified view

You may project a magnified view of the sun through a telescope or a pair of binoculars onto a white surface, which conveniently allows a larger number of people to watch concurrently. See for instructions for projecting the sun with a telescope, along with solar activities like sunspot counting.

The projection technique often has its own limitations. Because magnified projections usually have an exposed focal point beyond the eyepiece, a bystander can inadvertently put her eye or body in the sight line of the sun. Hence, a projecting telescope must not be left unattended. Large reflector telescopes can generate too much heat by concentrating a lot of the sun’s energy on the secondary mirror and eyepiece, so the incoming light must be attenuated first. ‘Stop down’ the aperture. Likewise, Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes can experience too much heat build-up as the light bounces internally.

Hubert van Hecke provides the design and instructions for making his sunspotter. The Exploratorium demonstrates how to view a planet in transit safely by projecting the image of the sun with binoculars Important: do not look at the sun through binoculars without solar filters on the large ends of both the barrels. Do not leave this rig unattended.

4. Closed-loop device

SunSpotter is a Closed-Loop device you can use to watch Solar Eclipse 2012 - May 20-21

The safest method for allowing a large crowd to witness the transit of Venus concurrently is to project a magnified image through a closed-loop device. A popular projection device used during the 2004 transit of Venus was the Must-See TV (Transit Venus) Screen. Made from simple materials (a plastic funnel, a clamp, an eyepiece, and some projection fabric), the device fits in your telescope like an eyepiece with an appendage. A clear image of Venus transiting the sun appears on the screen. Because the entire light path is enclosed, observers are not at risk. A larger version of the screen uses a bucket to yield a larger image. Download simple instructions and supplies list, from the 2003 GLPA Annual Conference workshop.

Bruce Hegerberg’s design for a Sun Gun is online at his website. The Other closed-loop devices are commercially available from Science First and Solarscope. They provide a surface on which you can safely trace the sun’s outline and sunspots onto a piece of paper.


5. Telescopes with Solar Filters

Telescopes with Solar Filters can be used to watch Solar Eclipse 2012 - May 20

The transit of Venus is perhaps best viewed directly when magnified, which demands an appropriate solar filter over the large end of the telescope. Often made of glass or Mylar, these “white light” filters block about 99.99% of the incoming sunlight, which allows the eyepiece then to magnify the image. A filtered, magnified view will show the sun (either blue or orange), the planet Venus, the ‘black drop’ effect, and sunspots. See for a list of retailers.

Note #1: The sun’s immense energy must be drastically reduced before it enters the telescope. Do not use small filters that fit over the eyepiece (as found in some older, cheaper telescopes), for the concentrated sunlight can shatter them.
Note #2: Remove unfiltered finder scopes so they are not inadvertently accessed. Do not rely on a lens cap – even if it is taped on – to keep the eyes of a prying person at bay.

Special telescopes with built-in hydrogen-alpha filters show additional solar features, such as the sun’s surface granulation and prominences extending outward into space.



Path of Solar Eclipse 2012

This map shows the path of the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2012 May 20 . The northern and southern path limits are blue and the central line is red. The yellow lines crossing the path indicate the position of maximum eclipse at 10-minute intervals.

Path of Solar Eclipse 2012 - May 20-21

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Science, Tech

Super-Earth: The First ‘WaterWorld’ Discovered in the Galaxy


Super-Earth: The First ‘WaterWorld’ Discovered in the Galaxy


Super-Earth WaterWorld GJ1214b

Pack your bags. But leave the bottled water behind; you might not need it.

Scientists have found a planet orbiting another star — 22 light-years away — and of all the hundreds of so-called exoplanets so far discovered, this one is, lead researcher Guillem Anglada-Escude said, “the new best candidate to support liquid water and, perhaps, life as we know it.”

The planet is labeled GJ 667Cc, found in the constellation Scorpio, and it would seem at first to be a very alien world. It is about five times more massive than Earth. It orbits its host star in only 28 of our days.

But that star is smaller and dimmer than our sun, and most of the light it emits is infrared. Anglada-Escude says it would provide just the right amount of warmth for the planet to be temperate like ours.

“Other proposed candidates [to be watery worlds] would require very special conditions to support liquid water,” Anglada-Escude said in an email to ABC News.

The temperature, he said, is probably right regardless of the planet’s atmosphere or cloud cover: “This one lies within the zone where no further assumptions (or fine tuning) are required.”

Water is actually very common in the universe — but as ice or vapor, not flowing water that scientists say would probably be necessary for life as we know it. Comets, for instance, have been called “dirty snowballs,” and when they get close to the sun they develop gaseous tails. But the temperature range for flowing water — the liquid you would find in the cells of a living organism — is very small. Earth is the only planet we know of with the right temperature and atmospheric pressure.

Some serious cautions are in order, of course, when you’re talking about a planet more than 100 trillion miles away. Scientists cannot see it; all they know is that its gravity pulls on its host star, causing the star to “wobble” slightly in a 28-day cycle. But because they know the star’s mass, composition and brightness, they can do some math and figure out how far away the planet is likely to be.

GJ 667Cc would be a strange place if Earthlings could visit. If it has a solid surface, one would find its gravity crippling. Its sun would loom large in the sky, much larger than Earth’s sun does, but it would be dimmer.

And there would be two other suns in the sky, although they orbit at a distance. One of them would be about as distant as Saturn is from us, the other five times farther away than Pluto is.

The one thing Earthlings would find familiar is the temperature. GJ 667Cc does not get fried the way planets like Mercury and Venus do, and it does not freeze like Jupiter or Pluto. Space researchers like to say it is in the “Goldilocks zone” around its sun, not too hot, not too cold, but just right.

“To know more, we’ll probably need a space mission or a lot of luck,” Anglada-Escude joked.

Anglada-Escude and Paul Butler led the research at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington. They and a dozen colleagues are publishing their work in Astrophysical Journal Letters.

They report they found the planet by looking through telescope data collected by HARPS, a rival group of planet hunters in Europe. Anglada-Escude said the HARPS group had observed the star three years ago and missed the planet.

“Of course, the HARPS team will not be very happy about this,” Anglada-Escude said. “This might start a new trans-oceanic war.”

Super-Earth Explained


SuperEarth WaterWorld Discovered

Astronomers have confirmed the existence of a new class of planet: a waterworld with a thick, steamy atmosphere.

The exoplanet GJ 1214b is a so-called “SuperEarth” – bigger than our planet, but smaller than gas giants such as Jupiter.

Observations using the Hubble telescope now seem to confirm that a large fraction of its mass is water.

The planet’s high temperatures suggest exotic materials might exist there.

“GJ 1214b is like no planet we know of,” said lead author Zachory Berta, from the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

The planet was discovered in 2009 by ground-based telescopes. It is about 2.7 times the Earth’s diameter, but weighs almost seven times as much. It orbits its red-dwarf star at a distance of just two million km, meaning temperatures on GJ 1214b probably reach above 200C.

In 2010, astronomers released measurements of its atmosphere. These suggested that GJ 1214b’s atmosphere was probably made up of water, but there was another possibility – that the planet was covered in a haze, of the type that envelopes Saturn’s moon Titan.


Hubble Telescope

Hot ice or Superfluid water exists in Super-Earth WaterWorld

Mr Berta and his colleagues used the Hubble Space Telescope’s wide-field camera to study the planet as it crossed in front of its star – a transit. During these transits, the star’s light is filtered through the planet’s atmosphere, giving clues to the mixture of gases present.

Hubble’s observations can give clues to gases in the planet’s atmosphere

The researchers said their results are more consistent with a dense atmosphere of water vapour, than one with a haze.

Calculations of the planet’s density also suggest that GJ 1214b has more water than Earth. This means the internal structure of this world would be very different to that of our own.

“The high temperatures and pressures would form exotic materials like ‘hot ice’ or ‘superfluid water’, substances that are completely alien to our everyday experience,” said Dr Berta.

The planet’s short distance from Earth makes it a likely candidate for follow-up observations with the James Webb Space Telescope, which may launch by the end of this decade.

The study has been accepted for publication by the Astrophysical Journal.

A ground-based transmission spectrum of the SuperEarth exoplanet GJ 1214b

In contrast to planets with masses similar to that of Jupiter and higher, the bulk compositions of planets in the so-called super-Earth regime (masses 2–10 times that of the Earth) cannot be uniquely determined from a measurement of mass and radius alone. For these planets, there is a degeneracy between the mass and composition of both the interior and a possible atmosphere in theoretical models. The recently discovered transiting super-Earth exoplanet GJ 1214b is one example of this problem.

Three distinct models for the planet that are consistent with its mass and radius have been suggested. Breaking the degeneracy between these models requires obtaining constraints on the planet’s atmospheric composition. Here we report a ground-based measurement of the transmission spectrum of GJ 1214b between wavelengths of 780 and 1,000 nm.

The lack of features in this spectrum rules out (at 4.9σ confidence) cloud-free atmospheres composed primarily of hydrogen. If the planet’s atmosphere is hydrogen-dominated, then it must contain clouds or hazes that are optically thick at the observed wavelengths at pressures less than 200 mbar. Alternatively, the featureless transmission spectrum is also consistent with the presence of a dense, water vapor atmosphere.

 Super-Earth WaterWorld Video

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Horoscope, Science

Nibiru 2012: Finally the Real Truth is Revealed on 2012 Doomsday

Nibiru 2012 : Know the Real Truth

Nibiru 2012

Nibiru 2012

Nibiru 2012, a supposed planet discovered by the Sumerians, is headed toward Earth. Zecharia Sitchin, who writes fiction about the ancient Mesopotamian civilization of Sumer, claimed in several books (e.g., The Twelfth Planet, published in 1976) that he has found and translated Sumerian documents that identify the planet Nibiru, orbiting the Sun every 3600 years. These Sumerian fables include stories of “ancient astronauts” visiting Earth from a civilization of aliens called the Anunnaki.

Babylonian God Marduk

Babylonian God Marduk

Nibiru is a name in Babylonian astrology sometimes associated with the god Marduk. Nibiru appears as a minor character in the Babylonian creation poem Enuma Elish as recorded in the library of Assurbanipal, King of Assyria (668-627 BCE). Sumer flourished much earlier, from about the 23rd century to the 17th century BCE. The claims that Nibiru is a planet and was known to the Sumerians are contradicted by scholars who (unlike Zecharia Sitchin) study and translate the written records of ancient Mesopotamia. Sumer was indeed a great civilization, important for the development of agriculture, water management, urban life, and especially writing. However, they left very few records dealing with astronomy. Certainly they did not know about the existence of Uranus, Neptune or Pluto. They also had no understanding that the planets orbited the Sun, an idea that first developed in ancient Greece two millennia after the end of Sumer. Claims that Sumerians had a sophisticated astronomy, or that they even had a god named Nibiru, are the product of Sitchin’s imagination.


IRAS (the NASA Infrared Astronomy Satellite, which carried out a sky survey for 10 months in 1983) discovered many

NASA Infrared Astronomy Satellite

NASA Infrared Astronomy Satellite

infrared sources, but none of them was Nibiru 2012 or Planet X or any other objects in the outer solar system.

“Planet X” is an oxymoron when applied to a real object. The term has been used by astronomers over the past century for a possible or suspected object. Once the object is found, it is given a real name, as was done with Pluto and Eris, both of which were at some time referred to as Planet X. If a new object turns out to be not real, or not a planet, then you won’t hear about it again. If it is real, it is not called Planet X. Eris is one of several dwarf planets recently found by astronomers in the outer solar system, all of them on normal orbits that will never bring them near Earth. Like Pluto, Eris is smaller than our Moon. It is very far away, and its orbit never brings it closer than about 4 billion miles. There is no secret about Eris and its orbit.

NSF - South Pole Telescope

NSF - South Pole Telescope

There is a telescope at the South Pole, but it was not built by NASA and not used to study Nibiru 2012. The South Pole Telescope was supported by the National Science Foundation, and it is a radio telescope, not an optical instrument. It cannot take images or photos.

The great majority of the photos and videos on the Internet are of some feature near the Sun (apparently supporting the claim that Nibiru 2012 has been hiding behind the Sun for the past several years.) These are actually false images of the Sun caused by internal reflections in the lens, often called lens flare. You can identify them easily by the fact that they appear diametrically opposite the real solar image, as if reflected across the center of the image. This is especially obvious in videos, where as the camera moves, the false image dances about always exactly opposite the real image. Similar lens flare is a source of many UFO photos taken at night with strong light sources such as streetlights in the frame.

Nibiru 2012

Nibiru 2012

One widely reported telescopic photo as shown on the right side, two views of an expanding gas cloud far beyond the solar system, which is not moving; you can see this from the fact that the stars are the same in both pictures. A sharp-eyed reader of this website identified these photos as a gas shell around the star V838 Mon.

Blank rectangle in Orion in Google Sky, which is a presentation of images from the Sloan Digital Survey. This can’t be a “hiding place” for Nibiru 2012, since it is a part of the sky that could be seen from almost everywhere on the Earth in the winter of 2007-08 when much of the talk about Nibiru began. That would contradict the claims that Nibiru was hiding behind the Sun or that it could be seen only from the southern hemisphere.

Calendars exist for keeping track of the passage of time, not for predicting the future. The Mayan astronomers were clever, and they developed a very complex Mayan calendar. Ancient calendars are interesting to historians, but of they cannot match the ability we have today to keep track of time, or the precision of the calendars currently in use. The main point, however, is that calendars, whether contemporary or ancient, cannot predict the future of our planet or warn of things to happen on a specific date such as 2012.

As per polar shift theory, a reversal in the rotation of Earth is impossible. It has never happened and never will. There are slow movements of the continents (for example Antarctica was near the equator hundreds of millions of years ago), but that is irrelevant to claims of reversal of the rotational poles. However, many of the disaster websites pull a bait-and-shift to fool people. They claim a relationship between the rotation and the magnetic polarity of Earth, which does change irregularly with a magnetic reversal taking place every 400,000 years on average. As far as we know, such a magnetic reversal doesn’t cause any harm to life on Earth.

And there is no planet alignment in 2012 or any other time in the next several decades. As to the Earth being in the center of the Milky Way, I don’t know what this phrase means. If you are referring to the Milky Way Galaxy, we are rather far toward the edge of this spiral galaxy, some 30,000 light years from the center. We circle the galactic center in a period of 225-250 million years, always keeping approximately the same distance.

There is a giant black hole in the center of our Milky Way galaxy, and like any concentration of mass it exerts gravitational force on the rest of the Galaxy. However, the galactic center is very far away, approximately 30,000 light years, so it has negligible effects on the solar system or the Earth. There are no special forces from the galactic plane or the galactic center. The only important force that acts on the Earth is the gravitation of the Sun and Moon. As far as the influence of the galactic plane, there is nothing special about this location. The last time the Earth was in the galactic plane was several million years ago. Claims that we are about to cross the galactic plane are untrue.

The “dark rift” is a popular name for the broad and diffuse dust clouds in the inner arm of the Milky Way Galaxy, which block our view of the galactic center. The entire “galactic alignment” scare is pretty funny.

Near solar maximum (which happens every 11 years approximately), there are many more solar flares and coronal mass ejections than near solar minimum. Flares and mass ejections are no danger for humans or other life on Earth. They could endanger astronauts in deep space or on the Moon, and this is something that NASA must learn to deal with, but it is not a problem for you or me.

Fox News website reports that in 2012 a “Powerful Solar Storm Could Shut Down U.S. for Months” which explains a worst-case analysis of what could happen today if there were a repetition of the biggest solar storm ever recorded (in 1859). The problem is the way such information can be used out of context. There is no reason to expect such a large solar storm in the near future, certainly not in 2012 specifically.

The Earth has always been subject to impacts by comets and asteroids, although big hits are very rare. The last big impact was 65 million years ago, and that led to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Today NASA astronomers are carrying out a survey called the Spaceguard Survey to find any large near-Earth asteroids long before they hit. We have already determined that there are no threatening asteroids as large as the one that killed the dinosaurs.

All these data proves that Nibiru 2012 doomsdays is a complete hoax. But scientists, both within NASA and outside, recognize that this hoax with its effort to frighten people is a distraction from more important science concerns, such as global warming and loss of biological diversity. We live in a country where there is freedom of speech, and that includes freedom to lie. You should be glad there are no censors. But if you will just use common sense I am sure you can recognize the lies. As we approach 2012, the lies will be come even more obvious about Nibiru 2012.

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Kepler’s Laws with Proofs & Animation Video Learning

Kepler’s Laws: All Three

Johannes Kepler, working with data painstakingly collected by Tycho Brahe without the aid of a telescope, developed three laws which described the motion of the planets across the sky.

1. Kepler’s Law 1: The Law of Orbits:

All planets move in elliptical orbits, with the sun at one focus.

Ellipse. The sun would be at one focus.

This is the equation for an ellipse: Equation for ellipse

2. Kepler’s Law 2: The Law of Areas:

A line that connects a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times.

Animated GIf of Kepler's 2nd Law by Bill Drennon

3. Kepler’s Law 3: The Law of Periods:

The square of the period of any planet is proportional to the cube of the semimajor axis of its orbit.

Ta2 / Tb2 = Ra3 / Rb3

  • Square of any planet’s orbital period (sidereal) is proportional to cube of its mean distance (semi-major axis) from Sun
  • Mathematical statement: T = kR3/2 , where T = sideral period, and R = semi-major axis
  • Example – If a is measured in astronomical units (AU = semi-major axis of Earth’s orbit) and sidereal period in years (Earth’s sidereal period), then the constant k in mathematical expression for Kepler’s third law is equal to 1, and the mathematical relation becomes T2 = R3

Learn Kepler’s Laws : Live Classroom Video


Kepler’s laws were derived for orbits around the sun, but they apply to satellite orbits as well.


The Law of Orbits

All planets move in elliptical orbits, with the sun at one focus.

This is one of Kepler’s laws. The elliptical shape of the orbit is a result of the inverse square force of gravity. The eccentricity of the ellipse is greatly exaggerated here.


Orbit Eccentricity

The eccentricity of an ellipse can be defined as the ratio of the distance

between the foci to the major axis of the ellipse. The eccentricity is zero for a circle. Of the planetary orbits, only Pluto has a large eccentricity.


Examples of Ellipse Eccentricity

Planetary orbit eccentricities

Mercury .206
Venus .0068
Earth .0167
Mars .0934
Jupiter .0485
Saturn .0556
Uranus .0472
Neptune .0086
Pluto .25


The Law of Areas

A line that connects a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times.

This is one of Kepler’s laws.This empirical law discovered by Kepler arises from conservation of angular momentum. When the planet is closer to the sun, it moves faster, sweeping through a longer path in a given time.


The Law of Periods

The square of the period of any planet is proportional to the cube of the semimajor axis of its orbit.

This is one of Kepler’s laws.This law arises from the law of gravitation. Newton first formulated the law of gravitation from Kepler’s 3rd law.

Kepler s Law of Periods in the above form is an approximation that serves well for the orbits of the planets because the Sun’s mass is so dominant. But more precisely the law should be written

In this more rigorous form it is useful for calculation of the orbital period of moons or other binary orbits like those of binary stars.


Data: Law of Periods

Data confirming Kepler’s Law of Periods comes from measurements of the motion of the planets.

T (y)
Mercury 5.79 0.241 2.99
Venus 10.8 0.615 3.00
Earth 15.0 1 2.96
Mars 22.8 1.88 2.98
Jupiter 77.8 11.9 3.01
Saturn 143 29.5 2.98
Uranus 287 84 2.98
Neptune 450 165 2.99
Pluto 590 248 2.99

Data from Halliday, Resnick, Walker, Fundamentals of Physics 4th Ed Extended.


Kepler’s Three Laws Video Definition

Download: Kepler’s Laws with Proofs

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